Did you know, if you scored a strike in each round of tenpin bowling (ten rounds) you would achieve a score of 300 (twelve strikes)? This is considered a perfect score.
According to Herodotus, 300 Spartans resisted one million Persian invaders during the Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC). This was the basis of the 2006 fantasy film 300, which saw Rodrigo Santoro as King Xerxes take on Gerald Butler as King Leonidas of Sparta.
In the apocryphal book of Enoch, it is said that 300 angels guard the Garden of Eden, whilst singing and permanently serving God. There is no way of clarifying this since no one knows where the Garden of Eden is, nor is there any mention of this idea in the Bible.
In the Bible, the number 300 is used approximately thirty times depending on which manuscript you study. According to Theobald of Langres, a 12thcentury scholastic teacher, the number represents victory. One reason for this is in Hebrew the letter T represents the number 300, which is a similar shape to the cross on which Jesus was crucified.
Another reason 300 is linked to victory is Gideon the military leader, judge and prophet’s triumph against the Midianites. With only 300 men, Gideon defeated the opposing army.
Some scholars claim Noah’s Ark as a form of victory because Noah and his family triumphed over the flood. In Genesis, we are provided with the exact measurements of the ark: “This is how you are to build it: The ark is to be three hundred cubits long, fifty cubits wide and thirty cubits high.” (Genesis 6:15 NIV)
A chief named Abishai became famous for killing three hundred men:
Of course, not all instances of the number 300 refer to victories. The first record of the number is in Genesis 5, which tells us that Enoch lived for a further 300 years after the birth of his son Methuselah.
Other verses containing the number 300 include:
The final occurrence of the number 300, however, does link back to victory. The Jews, who had previously been oppressed, triumphed over the people of Susa:
I would like to finish off this article by taking a look at the number 390. There are only two examples in the Bible and so are not worth their own blog post; however, they are definitely something of which to take note.
In the book of Ezekiel, we read the following verses:
This chapter explores the Siege of Jerusalem and the instructions Ezekiel was given by God in order to save Jerusalem from her sins. For 390 years, Israel sinned against God, beginning with Jeroboam in 974 BC. “And he will give Israel up because of the sins Jeroboam has committed and has caused Israel to commit.” (1 Kings 14:16).
There is no identified symbolism of the number 390 since it is only written in these two verses. As you would have seen in my article about the number 40, Ezekiel was also required to spend 40 days on his other side in repentance of the sins of the people of Judah, which had lasted 40 years.
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Rev'd Martin Wheadon